If there was one optimal material in the world, we would wear clothes made only from it. But each fabric has its own characteristics, so it is important to look at the composition of a new item, choosing it according to the season and budget.
The fibers that are obtained from the plant of the same name have unique qualities. In nature, they are located around the cotton core and absorb up to 65% of their own weight of moisture to help it germinate. These properties are transferred to clothes made from this fabric: it will be comfortable at any temperature and humidity. The material is lightweight yet very durable. It is often used for sewing underwear, towels, jeans, and T-shirts. Cotton has disadvantages: dresses, trousers, and blouses sewn from it are very wrinkled, because the fabric is not elastic, and quickly loses color with frequent washing.
The ideal fabric for summer wear is breathable and absorbs moisture well. Linen is also a plant material, it is valued for its hypoallergenic, it does not irritate the skin, and is pleasant to the touch. The material has a natural bactericidal effect, eliminating odors, and light fabrics reflect ultraviolet rays. With proper care, linen trousers will remain in excellent condition for a very long time, they will not shrink or stretch. But you will have to iron often – and it is better to do this when the clothes are still damp. Please note that the material is wrinkled not only during washing but also during wear.
This type of synthetic is rarely used in one hundred percent form, more often it is added to other fibers to improve the quality of things. Capron, nylon, anid, tarpaulin, jordan, tactel and velsoft are made from polyamide fibers. The material is suitable for sewing bags, sportswear, jackets, underwear, and stockings. It is added to the composition of carpets and yarn for knitting. Products made from this fabric are durable and elastic, fireproof. They melt, not burn. Polyamide in the composition of the item increases resistance to sunlight, and hence the preservation of color is not corroded by sea salt, unlike natural fabrics, and does not shrink or wrinkle.
The material is rarely used in its pure form because it is very hard, does not pass air well, is highly electrified, and practically does not stain. These disadvantages are not noticeable when polyester is blended with other synthetic or natural fabrics. It allows you to increase the wear resistance of clothing, stretches less when washed, dries quickly, and does not deform due to high temperatures. Most often, the material is used for sewing upper demi-season clothing: it does not greatly increase thermal insulation, but a thing with polyester in the composition does not allow moisture to pass through, does not roll down, and does not lose shape when worn for a long time.
Lycra, spandex, and elastane are trade names for “rubber threads” made from polyurethane. They are the composition of underwear and tights. The material is not destroyed by chemicals, it perfectly resists pollution, and varnishes and paints do not stick to it. Connoisseurs of outdoor activities and gardening love trousers using this fabric, and swimwear does not deteriorate in one vacation. Polyurethane is resistant to moisture; it almost does not absorb water and does not allow air to pass through but loses its strength from high temperatures. Things are not made from 100% polyurethane; it is added to the composition of other fabrics to add elasticity and strength to them.
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