Do you intend to switch to solar power? It could seem difficult to get a solar panel for your house, but it’s just like purchasing a new phone. Before purchasing a phone or laptop, we conduct extensive research. Purchasing a solar power plant follows the same logic. The industry offers a wide variety of solar panel kinds. Each has benefits and drawbacks. But first, let’s grasp what solar panels are and the way they function before delving into the many varieties of Solluz solar panels.
Knowing Solar Panels
Solar energy is converted into electricity using a variety of solar panels. A solar panel is made up of various individual solar cells. The most popular solar panels include 72 cells and 60 cells, with dimensions of 2 meters by 1 meter and 1.6 meters by 1 meter, respectively. Layers of silicon, a semiconductor, phosphorous, and boron are combined to create solar cells (positive charge).
Similar to how the sun is made up of numerous energy particles called “photons,” These photons displace silicon electrons when they come in contact with the solar panels. This starts a directed electric current that travels via silver busbars and fingers printed on silicon cells. This is how solar panels generate energy, and the method of turning light into electricity is called the photovoltaic Effect.
Solar Panel: Types
Four broad categories may be used to group solar panels:
- Solar cells with a Single Crystalline layer
- Solar panels with a Polycrystalline layer
- Solar panels using Passivated Emitter and Rear Contact cells (PERC)
- Solar panels using Thin Films
The sort of solar cells found in solar panels determines their performance. Each cell differs in appearance and has a distinct property.
Monocrystalline Solar Panels
Single crystal panels are another name for monocrystalline solar cells. They are formed of a crystal of pure silicon that has been divided into many wafers, which make up the cells. These wafers are sliced into an octagonal shape, which gives them their distinctive appearance and consistent color. Since they are comprised of just silicon, they are easily recognized by their dark blue or black color.
Half Cut cells are a technique used in monocrystalline solar panels. In this case, the square-shaped cells are divided in half, resulting in a doubled number of cells. The cells in the panel’s bottom half are linked in a different series than the cells in its upper half. As a result, even if the panel’s bottom half is in shade, electricity may still be generated in the upper half. The total power generated by half-cut cells is therefore larger in setups with partial shadow problems.
Polycrystalline Solar Panels
Multiple silicon crystals make up polycrystalline solar panels. They are created by melting silicon shards and pouring them into square molds. After cooling, these crystals are divided into tiny wafers and put together to create a polycrystalline solar panel. They go by the name “multi-crystalline” panels as well.
Solar Panels with Passivated Emitter and Rear Cells (PERC)
PERC solar panels sometimes referred to as “rear cells,” are created utilizing cutting-edge technology. The solar cells’ backs are covered with a coating to accomplish this. Traditional solar panels only partially absorb sunlight; some of it just flows through them. The PERC panels’ extra layer enables sunlight that hasn’t been fully absorbed to be reabsorbed from the back of the panels, increasing efficiency. The most powerful solar panels now on the market, called Mono-PERC panels, are made with high efficiency using PERC technology and monocrystalline cells. Check out solar installations.
Solar cells using thin films
Thin-film solar panels, as opposed to monocrystalline and polycrystalline ones, are produced utilizing photovoltaic materials such as amorphous silicon (a-Si), copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS), and cadmium telluride (CdTe). It becomes lighter and easier to install when these materials are put onto a solid surface like glass, metal, or plastic.
What Kind of Solar Panel Should I Pick, and How Should I Do It?
The choice of solar panels to employ for your installations relies on a number of criteria, even if Mono-PERC solar panels with Half Cut cells may be the most cutting-edge & efficient technology now available. Monocrystalline or Mono-PERC panels provide the best power output and efficiency, making them ideal for installing a larger solar plant in a more condensed space. For instance, you might want to use your solar plant to the most extent possible if your power cost is quite expensive.
If you only have a little amount of installation space available, switching from polycrystalline to monocrystalline panels will enable you to build solar plants with a 50–60% greater capacity in the same space. While monocrystalline panels have a greater initial cost, having a larger plant over time can benefit you by lowering your power costs considerably more than polycrystalline panels can. Polycrystalline panels might be used since they are less expensive, especially when there is enough rooftop space available.
Moreover, polycrystalline panels are presently your only choice if you want to take advantage of government subsidies. Only panels made in India are eligible for household solar subsidies. Due to the lack of a monocrystalline cell manufacturing industry in India, Indian manufacturers can only provide polycrystalline cells for projects that will be installed with government funding. Due to their shorter lifespan, thin-film solar panels are normally not utilized for installations in homes or other domestic settings. They typically have a higher usage rate in bigger utility-scale power facilities.
It may seem difficult to select the best sort of solar panels for your house, but once you have all the facts, it becomes simpler to decide. Always weigh the advantages and disadvantages of every solar panel choice when choosing the best one for your house.